Journal of International Business and Management (JIBM)

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Volume 5 | Issue 3 | 2022

Title: A Social study on the Human Rights of the Trans-community of a Developing Country, Pakistan

Author(S): Liaquat Ali Khan, Nusrat Hafiz* and Marjea Jannat Mohua

Corresponding Author Affiliation*:  BRAC Business School, BRAC University, Bangladesh


Preventing human rights violations and social exclusion of all humans, including transgender- is key to sustainable and equitable development. As one of the most marginalized communities of any society, the trans-community faces differential treatment, especially from developing countries. The trans-community is often a victim of social exclusion discriminations in public and private spheres. The present study explores their social exclusion experience and its impact in the light of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the UN Charter. A sample size of 150 was taken out using the snowball sampling method in the Sargodha City of Pakistan. It was found that the trans community is considered a marginalized segment of society, and their families neither own them nor give them their due share in inheritance. Also, to become part of the guru system inherently rooted in enslavement, they have to adhere to a range of stringent rules. Hence, social exclusion has violated various SDGs, including goals 3, 10, and 16. The findings strongly suggest that interventions to increase social inclusion, reduce gender-based discrimination, violence, and physical abuse, and facilitate access to quality medical care should be considered part of a comprehensive approach for preventing risky behavior in trans-populations. The researchers suggest a set of actionable recommendations for the well-being of the trans-communities of the studied location. The recommendations can be implemented for marginalized communities in other countries of similar development status.

Keywords: Social study, harassment, human rights, discrimination, trans-community, Pakistan



Print ISSN: 2616-5163 Online ISSN: 2616-4655

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