Journal of International Business and Management (JIBM)

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Volume 4 | Issue 4 | 2021

Title: The Underrepresentation of Iranian Females in Business Leadership Positions: A Qualitative Case Study

Author(S): Dariush Vazvan 

Corresponding Author Affiliation*: University of Phoenix, Arizona, United States of America


Although 60% of university students in Iran are females as a result of huge investments in women’s education, highly educated females occupy only 10% of leadership positions (Arasti, 2012). The purpose of this study was to clarify from Iranian female business leaders’ perspective the reason or reasons behind such a gap. In this research female business leaders explain their perception about barriers that hinder Iranian females from obtaining higher positions in business organizations. This research was conducted in Tehran, the capital city of Iran, and data was gathered by interviewing female business leaders who have experienced obstacles and barriers to obtaining higher positions. Based on the research questions, familial, cultural, and political barriers were studied and findings were analysed and evaluated. Because there are similarities between Iran and other Middle Eastern countries (Owen, 2000), the findings of this study may be significant to understand obstacles that females in Middle Eastern countries face in their progress to their empowerment and occupying decision-making positions.

Keywords: Women, Leadership, Iran, Discrimination, Glass ceiling, Business, Organization, Female



Print ISSN: 2616-5163 Online ISSN: 2616-4655

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